Three levels of charging exist. Level 1 home chargers consist of plugging the vehicle into a standard wall outlet. Level 2 chargers require higher voltage power and Level 3 or Direct Current Fast Charging (DCFC) chargers require specialized EV supply equipment (EVSE). The speed at which a DCFC can charge a vehicle varies based on the kilowatts (kW).
For example, Tesla and Electrify America stations charge with up to 150 kW of power and can charge a battery from 0% to 80% in under 30 minutes. However, some fast chargers only charge at a rate of 50 kW of power. To the speed of the charging slows down after a battery reaches 80 percent to prevent the battery from overheating.
State and Federal Incentive Programs
NJDEP Drive Green
The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection provides grants through the “It Pay$ to Plug In” program.
Reimbursement grants are offered on a first-come, first-served basis to cover the total cost, including installation, of eligible EVSE at workplaces, government and educational facilities, nonprofit organizations, parking facilities and multi-unit dwellings. Website
Inflation Reduction Act
The Inflation Reduction Act is a complex piece of legislation with multiple components. With respect to electric vehicles, it amended the Qualified Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Credit, now known as the Clean Vehicle Credit, and added a new requirement for final assembly in North America that took effect on August 17, 2022.
For more details on the credit, see Electric Vehicle (EV) and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) Tax Credit. Also see the full list of alternative fuel vehicle incentives amended or created by the Inflation Reduction Act.
NJ Board of Public Utilities Multi-Unit Dwelling (MUD) Electric Vehicle Program
The New Jersey Board of Public Utilities NJBPU offers electric vehicle charging incentives in the form of grants to multi-family dwellings for the purchase of eligible Level-Two EV charging equipment subject to the availability of funds.
This Program awards $1,500 toward the purchase of a dual-port, networked Level-Two EV charging station and 50% of the cost (up to $5,000) for the Make-Ready costs for Level-Two EV chargers.
Overburdened Municipalities are eligible for the following awards:
- $2,000 toward the purchase of a Level-Two EV charging station for a MUD located in an Overburdened Municipality
- 75% of the cost (up to $7,500) for the Make-Ready for Level-Two chargers
Utility Companies Incentive Programs
PSE&G Clean Energy Future
PSE&G received Board of Public Utilities approval to invest $166 million for building out New Jersey’s electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure. The utility’s Clean Energy Future – Electric Vehicle Charging Program is designed to support the deployment of EV chargers for a range of customers, including Residential, Mixed-Use, and Public DC Fast Charging—and puts New Jersey on track to become a front-runner in transportation electrification.
The EV Charging Program offers incentives to offset the cost of Make Ready infrastructure needed to operate EV chargers, and this framework is separated into two categories:
- Customer-Side Make Ready (CSMR) goes toward the material and labor costs for an electrician or contractor to perform necessary upgrades to customer assets.
- Utility-Side Make Ready (USMR) goes toward the material and labor costs for PSE&G to upgrade service of Utility owned assets to a customer’s property to support the new electric load of the EV charger. PSE&G determines these costs.
Customers are responsible for the cost of the EV charging unit itself.
Apply Now through the EV Portal
JCP&L EV Drive Program
EV Driven program provides customer incentives that support the state’s electric vehicle expansion goals. The $39.8 million program has three components including residential, mixed-use commercial and multifamily property and public-access DC Fast charging.
- Residential charging – provides up to $1,500 in incentives for customer electrical upgrades necessary for the installation of up to 2,000 qualified Level Two electric vehicle chargers in JCP&L’s service area. Qualified residential customers may also be eligible for up to $5,500 in utility upgrades, such as new poles, transformers and service wires, required to support the chargers. Additionally, bill credit incentives may be available to encourage off-peak-hours charging.
- Mixed-use commercial and multifamily property charging – the mixed-use commercial program provides up to $6,700 per qualified Level Two charger for up to 500 public-access ports, and up to $5,000 per port for a maximum of 100 ports dedicated to workplace use across JCP&L’s service territory. Multifamily property owners also can qualify for off-peak charging credits as well as incentives of up to $8,375 per qualified Level Two charger for up to 150 ports in state-designated overburdened communities within JCP&L’s service territory, and up to $6,700 per smart charging port for up to 150 ports in non-overburdened communities in JCP&L’s service territory. The mixed-use commercial and multifamily property component also covers the costs of utility upgrades at qualifying locations.
- Public-access DC Fast charging – provides incentives of up to $25,000 per DC fast charger port for up to 248 charging locations accessible to the public across JCP&L’s service territory. Additionally, JCP&L will install new underground cabling, transformers, metering connections and poles for up to 124 public DC Fast charging locations at a cost of up to $50,500 per location. To help manage the increased electrical costs of DC fast charging, demand charge discounts are also available.
Customers can find more information on the program and apply for incentives at www.jcp-l.com/evdriven.
Electric vehicles offer a clean, efficient alternative to gasoline-powered vehicles, averaging as low as one-third the cost-per-mile of gasoline. Depending on the battery capacity, EV driving range can vary from about 80 miles up to 280 miles. New Jersey’s Energy Master Plan calls for an increase in electric vehicle adoption to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The transportation sector is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the state, accounting for 46% of the state’s net emissions.
EV Model Ordinance for Municipalities
The purpose of this ordinance is to promote and encourage the use of EVs by requiring the safe and efficient installation of EVSE and Make-Ready parking spaces through municipal parking regulations and other standards.
The ordinance describes the approvals and permitting requirements as well as the standards for new installation of EVSE and Make-Ready parking spaces.
Microsoft Word format
NJTPA EV Resources
The North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority has a website on EVs and government programs.